Disappointment for anglers at popular Bay of Plenty lake

Fish & Game New Zealand says the decision to stop access to Lake Ōkataina near Rotorua is a blow to anglers.

The decision to stop access to Lake Ōkataina near Rotorua due to concerns about the potential spread of the invasive gold clam species raises questions over the response to the biosecurity incursion, Fish & Game says.


The Ministry for Primary Industries announced it was issuing a ‘Controlled Area Notice’ (CAN) to close the lake for a month based on the biosecurity threat from gold clams, which came into effect October 1.

Barrie Barnes, Fish & Game New Zealand Chair, says he understands concerns raised by Te Arawa Lakes Trust and Ngāti Tarāwhai.

“However, this controlled area notice is concerning because the Waikato River system and Lake Karapiro, where the clams were first confirmed, remain subject to minimal restrictions imposed by MPI. Since then, the clams have also spread to Lake Maraetai,” he says.

“We believe MPI and the Waikato Regional Council should have adopted more stringent measures at ground zero to prevent the spread of gold clams to other regions. Planning to carry out more surveillance measures in Rotorua waterways and planning trials to determine the feasibility of suppressing the clam population in the Waikato in November is closing the barn door after the horse has bolted!”

Barnes says it’s disappointing that MPI and the council have yet to allocate more resources to contain the gold clam issue at its source in the Waikato River.

“We feel that precautionary measures like installing wash stations at boat ramps should have been implemented as soon as the presence of gold clams was confirmed, not months later.”

Biosecurity New Zealand’s Technical Advisory Group Report identified internal ballast water in boats or the online trade of aquarium animals as potential ways for invasive gold clams to spread.

Some wakeboats used for water skiing and wakeboarding have ballast systems, but these activities continue without restriction.

“Fish & Game has been at the forefront of promoting effective biosecurity practices at rivers and lakes nationwide,” says Barnes.

“This includes the prohibition of felt-soled waders and advocacy for the ‘check, clean, dry’ approach for angling gear, which is also recommended to prevent the spread of gold clams.

“We ask our anglers, many of whom have fished the opening at Ōkataina for many years and is part of their family tradition, to enjoy the many other lakes the region offers. They can hopefully return for their traditional Ōkataina fishing at a second opening of the season when the CAN is lifted, and appropriate measures are put in place.”

The Rotorua lakes attract between 120,000 and 150,000 angler days per season. Lake Ōkataina is recognised as one of the premier ‘trophy’ rainbow trout lakes within the Rotorua lakes fishery, offering a pristine fishing environment with high-quality trout. Fish & Game’s National Angler Survey reveals that approximately 6,000 to 7,000 angler days are recorded at Lake Ōkataina each season.

With the fishing season now open, Fish & Game encourages anglers to continue adhering to sound biosecurity practices, which include inspecting, cleaning, and drying all equipment and promptly reporting any sightings of the clams to MPI.

The freshwater gold clam, originally from eastern Asia, was first identified along a segment of the Waikato River in May 2023. These clams reproduce rapidly, forming sizable populations that can obstruct water-related infrastructure, including electricity generation facilities, irrigation systems, and water treatment plants. As filter feeders, they have the potential to compete with native species for resources.

Photography: Department of Conservation

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